# Minimum Thickness of Concrete Slab, Beam, Column and Foundation | Minimum Thickness of Other Concrete Members

In this Article today we will talk about the Minimum Thickness of Concrete Slab | Minimum Thickness of One Way Slab | Minimum Thickness of Ribbed Slab | Minimum Thickness of Slab on Ground | Minimum Thickness of Two Way Slab | Minimum Thickness of Drop Panel | Minimum Thickness of Beams | Minimum Thickness of Columns | Minimum Thickness of Walls | Minimum Thickness of Footings | Minimum Thickness of Other Concrete Members

## Minimum Thickness of Concrete Slab, Beam, Column, Foundation:

Minimum thickness of concrete slab, beam, column, foundation and other structural members is selected to meet the design requirements as per standard codes. Minimum thickness of concrete structural elements based on ACI 318-14, IRC 2009, IS 456 2000, and UBC 1997 is presented. Minimum Thickness of Slab on Ground

Design process includes proper assumption of structural element sizes and then check the suggested dimensions to make sure that it meets the requirements of the design.

If proper structural dimension is not assumed, then the design would be time consuming and required considerable effort since substantial trials will be involved till satisfactory dimensions are specified.

That is why majority of codes provide minimum dimensions and specifically thicknesses for almost all structural elements. Minimum Thickness of Drop Panel

## 1. Minimum Thickness of Slabs

### 1.1 Minimum thickness of One-way slab

ACI 318-14 provides suggested minimum thickness for one-way solid slab, as provided in Table 1, unless deflections are calculated.

Table 1 minimum thickness of one-way solid slab unless deflections are calculated

Notes: Values given shall be used directly for members with normal weight concrete and Grade 420 reinforcement. For other conditions, the values shall be modified as follows:

a) For lightweight concrete having equilibrium density (wc) in the range of 1440 to 1840 kg/m3, the values shall be multiplied by (1.65 – 0.0003wcbut not less than 1.09.

b) For fy other than 420 MPa, the values shall be multiplied by (0.4 + fy/700).

### 1.2 Minimum thickness of Ribbed slab

ACI 318-14 recommend the same value of non-prestressed beams as provided in Table 2. Unified Building Code (UBC) specified minimum thickness of ribbed slab to be 1/12 distance between ribs or 51mm. Minimum Thickness of Columns

### Slab thickness with embedded conduits and pipes

• UBC recommended minimum thickness of slabs with embedded conduits and pipes to be 25mm greater than total overall depth of conduits or pipes.
• ACI 318-14 specify that, conduits and pipes shall not be larger in outside dimension than 1/3 the overall thickness of slab, wall, or beam in which they are embedded

### 1.3 Minimum thickness of Slab on the ground

UBC recommends minimum thickness of Concrete floor slabs supported directly on the ground to be 89mm, whereas BCGBC4010A – Apply structural principles to residential low-rise constructions determined minimum thickness to be 100mm.

### 1.4 Minimum thickness of Two-way slab

ACI 318-14 provided recommendations to determine minimum thickness of slabs (including slabs with beams, flat slabs, flat plates)

### 1.5 Minimum thickness of Drop panel

sometimes drop panels used at top of columns to improve shear strength of slabs. The minimum thickness of drop panels shall be quarter of slab thickness beyond the drop.

## 2. Minimum Thickness of Beams

• ACI 318-14 provides suggested minimum thickness for non-prestressed beams, as provided in Table 2, unless deflections are calculated.
• Canadian Standard Association CSA provides similar table except for one end continuous which is l/18. Minimum Thickness of Walls

Table 2 minimum thickness of non-prestressed beams unless deflections are calculated

Notes: Values given shall be used directly for members with normal weight concrete and Grade 420 reinforcement. For other conditions, the values shall be modified as follows:

a) For lightweight concrete having equilibrium density (wc) in the range of 1440 to 1840 kg/m3, the values shall be multiplied by (1.65 – 0.0003wcbut not less than 1.09.

b) For fy other than 420 MPa, the values shall be multiplied by (0.4 + fy/700).

The depth of beam can also be estimated based on span/depth ratio. IS 456 2000 provides span to depth ratio to control deflection of beam as provided in Table 3.

Table 3: Span to depth ratio based on the span and type of beams, IS 456 2000

## 3. Minimum Thickness of Columns

Dimensions of columns is based on the requirements of the design and several shapes can be selected for the columns such as square, rectangular, trapezoidal, cylinders, and others.

## 4. Minimum Thickness of Walls

### 4.1 Bearing walls

UBC recommends minimum thickness of bearing wall to 1/25 supported height or length whichever is shorter or not less than 102mm.

### 4.2 Exterior basement wall and Foundation wall

• UBC specified minimum thickness of exterior basement wall and foundation wall to be 191mm.
• The same value is recommended by International Residential Code (IRC 2009) for foundation wall. Minimum Thickness of Footings

## 5. Minimum Thickness of Footings

### Footing on soil

The minimum depth for footing on soil is advised to be 150mm.

### Footing on pile

The minimum depth for footing on pile is recommended to be 300mm

### Plain concrete structural footing

The minimum thickness for plain concrete structural footing is suggested by ACI 318-14 and set as 200mm, and the same value is suggested by UBC. It shall be known that plain structural footing is not suitable to be used for the top of piles.

### Raft foundation

The minimum thickness of raft foundation is 300mm.

## 6. Minimum Thickness of Other Concrete Members

Table 4: minimum thickness for other structural elements

## FAQs:

### What is the minimum thickness of beam?

There is a certain rules and guidelines, As per IS 456:2000, minimum depth/thickness of a RCC beam should not be less than 9″ (230mm), hence minimum depth/thickness of RCC beam is 9″ (230mm) thick, provided minimum size 9″×9, use of M20 grade of concrete with 2nos of T12 at bottom as tension bar and T10 at top.

### What is minimum size of column?

The minimum size of a column should not be less than 9”x9” for single story structure with M15 (1:2:4) concrete. If 9”x9” columns are to be used in one and half story building, always use M20 (1:1.5:3) concrete. If you use M15 concrete for one and half story structure the column size should not be less than 12”x9”.

### What is minimum thickness for concrete?

What is the minimum thickness for concrete? A: Concrete is typically applied at a thickness of 2 inches or more, but the thicker it is, the stronger the slab will be. Four inches is most common for a slab. The thinner applications would include drives, walkways, slabs and footers, just to name a few.

### What is the minimum slab thickness?

The minimum thickness of the slab shall be 125 mm.

### What is the minimum beam size?

In a residential building it is 9 ʺ × 12 ʺ or 225 mm × 300 mm standard size according to (IS codes). The minimum RCC beam size should not be less than 9 ʺ × 9 ʺ or 225mm × 225mm with the addition of a 125mm slab thickness.

## Conclusion:

Full article on Minimum Thickness of Concrete Slab | Minimum Thickness of Ribbed Slab | Minimum Thickness of Slab on Ground | Minimum Thickness of Drop Panel | Minimum Thickness of Beams | Minimum Thickness of Columns | Minimum Thickness of Walls | Minimum Thickness of Footings | Minimum Thickness of Other Concrete Members. Thank you for the full reading of this article in “The Civil Engineering” platform in English. If you find this post helpful, then help others by sharing it on social media. If any formula of BBS is missing from this article please tell me in comments.

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