Dog Legged Staircase | Components and Design of Dog Legged Stair:
In this Article we will discuss about Dog Legged Staircase and their facts, advantages, disadvantages, dog Leg Staircase plan, stair design calculator, example calculation for rise and tread, calculation formula for stairs, risers and treads and how to calculate design of staircase calculations. staircase design calculator
What is a staircase?
A stair is a structure with a series of steps meant to provide a simple and easy means of ascending and descending between levels or floors. The room or enclosure at the top of the stairs is known as a landing, and the space at the bottom of the stairs is called a step.
Dog-legged stair or Dog Legged Staircase?
The dog-legged staircase is a type of staircase that consists of two flights of stairs running in opposite directions. staircase design calculator
The stairs are designed such that they turn and continue to move upward two steps before making a 180-degree turn, thus maintaining their upward trajectory.
This type of staircase, which resembles the shape of a dog’s leg in the sectional elevation, is also known as dog-legged. staircase design calculator
The dog-legged staircase is efficient at utilizing the space available, making it an excellent choice for residential, public and commercial buildings. It also allows for better circulation and compact space utilization. staircase design calculator
Fact Behind It’s Name of Dog Legged Staircase:
The dog-legged staircase looks like a dog in elevation. It has a sloped angle similar to the slope between the dog’s legs. stair design calculator
Is the Length of Flight Equal?
No, the length of both flights isn’t needed to be equal. Most of the time, it is kept unequal. stair design calculator
This type of staircase is used in residential, commercial, institutional, and public buildings. stair design calculator
Suitability of Dog Legged Staircases
If you don’t have much space, the stairs can be the best. Typically this staircase will be sized two times larger than its tread width. stair design calculator
Components of Dog Legged Staircase:
A Dog-Legged Staircase Plan consist of components such as: stair calculation
The part of the staircase on which your foot lands is called a tread.
The space between two stair treads is called a riser. stair calculation
The vertical post at the start and end of the flight is called a newel post. It supports the stairs and creates a resting place for your feet as you climb up or down.
A baluster is a vertical support installed throughout the length of a flight on which a handrail is supported to prevent falls. stair calculation
Landing is a platform provided to break the continuity of flight for providing rest to the user. stair calculation
A handrail is the part of the staircase that people hold onto for support when going up and down the stairs. The handrail must provide stability and a continuous guide along the stair. stair calculation
A stair stringer is the housing that holds the treads and risers in place on either side of a flight of stairs. dog leg staircase
The angle at which a line of nosing makes with a horizontal surface is called pitch.
Line of Nosing:
The line of going is a hypothetical imaginary line parallel to the slope of the staircase that joins the nosing. dog leg staircase
Requirements of a Good Dog Legged Staircase:
The criteria or requirements to consider while designing a dog-legged staircase are discussed below. dog leg staircase
- In order for the staircase to be freely accessible from all points on the floor, it should be placed in the middle of the room. staircase calculator
- The stairs should remain well-lit and ventilated.
- On a flight, there must be a minimum of 3 risers. rise and tread
- In order to comfortably navigate the staircase, a flight should have no more than 16 risers. The continuity must be broken with a landing. rise and tread
Pitch or Slope:
- A staircase should have a slope of between 25 and 40 degrees.
- The slope shouldn’t be kept below 15° C, though. rise and tread
- The slope would be too steep to cross if it was over 55 °C. stair calculation formula
- Both flights of the staircase should have the same rise to going ratio.
- The rhythm will be broken and the person ascending the staircase will feel uneasy if there is a variation in the ratio. rise and tread
- The landing’s width shouldn’t be any less than the flight’s tread. stair calculation formula
Advantages of Dog-Legged Staircase:
- The staircase has a very straightforward design. stair calculation formula
- Staircase drafting is similarly simple and quick. formula for stairs
- More carpeting is available for use since space is used more effectively, reducing waste.
- With this style of staircase, neither the top floor nor the bottom floor are visible from the top, maintaining the privacy of the floors. stair calculation formula
- This kind of stairway can readily include architectural effects.
- The landing offers a place to rest, making commuting simpler. formula for stairs
Disadvantages of Dog-Legged Staircase:
- The dog-legged staircase is fairly challenging to build. formula for stairs
- Because installing handrails is extremely complex, it is important to plan carefully before providing them. formula for stairs
- A staircase’s handrails are a crucial component that help with climb and descent.
- It can be challenging to carry large goods up the stairway. formula for stairs
Design Steps of Dog Legged Staircase:
The following is a list of the numerous steps that went into creating the dog-legged staircase: how to calculate staircase
Height of Riser and Tread:
First, it is anticipated that each tread will need the height of the rise and the length needed. how to calculate staircase
Depending on the type of building, the needed length for each tread must be between 250mm and 350mm, while the required height of the rising must be between 150mm and 200mm. how to calculate staircase
Width of Stair:
Then, the width of the stairs is determined how to calculate staircase
Width of stairs = Total width of staircase/2
Height of Each Flight:
The height of each flight is then determined.
Height of each flight = Total height/2
No. of Risers in Each Flight:
The Nos of risers in each flight is calculated.
No. of risers in each flight = Height of each flight / Height of riser in each flight
No. of Treads in Each Flight:
The Nos of treads is then calculated.
No. of tread in each flight = No. of risers in each flight – 1
Length of Tread:
Then, the total length required for treads is determined as,
Total length required for treads = Length required for each tread x no. of treads in each flight rise and tread of stairs
The length that is left over is then determined by deducting the length taken up by the treads from the total length that is available. rise and tread of stairs
Remaining length = Total length – Total length occupied by the treads
The length of the landing is then assumed and subtracted from the above calculated remaining length to determine the amount of space that needs to be left for the passage.
Passage space = Remaining length – Length of landing
In the case that the passage space is not required, the length of the tread can be increased such that all of it is covered by treads and landings. rise and tread of stairs
Numerical Example for Design of Dog Legged Staircase:
Example of Dog Legged Staircase:
Answer the following question to construct a dog-legged staircase with the specified size for a residential structure. rise and tread of stairs
The vertical distance between the floors in the building is 3.9 metres. The staircase’s stated dimensions are 3.6 x 5 m.
Step 1: Assume the riser and tread dimensions.
Let, the height of riser is 150mm and the length required for each tread be 250mm respectively.
Step 2: Calculation of the width of the stairs.
Let, the number of flights is 2. Now,
Width of stairs = 3.6 / 2 = 1.80 m = 1800 mm
Step 3: Calculation of height of each flight.
Height of each flight = 3.9 / 2 = 1.95 m = 1950 mm
Step 4: Calculation of no. of the riser in each flight
No. of risers in each flight= Height of each flight / Height of riser in each flight
= 1950 / 150 = 13 risers design of staircase calculation
Step 5: Calculation of no. of tread in each flight
No. of tread in each floor = No. of risers in each flight – 1
= 13 – 1 = 12 treads
Step 6: Calculation of length required for treads
Total length required for treads = 12 x 250 mm = 3000 mm = 3 m
Step 7: Calculation of Remaining Length
Remaining Length = 5 m – 3 m = 2 m
Step 8: Calculation of Space for Passage | Dog Legged Staircase
Space for Passage = 2 m – 1.5 m
(assume width of landing = 1.5m)
= 2 m – 1.5 m = 0.5 m
Dog Legged Staircase Plan:
Dog Legged Stair Calculator:
|Type of stair||Dog legged|
|Assumed height of the riser||160 mm|
|Assumed depth of tread||230 mm|
|Number of flight||2|
|Height of floor||3500|
|Number of riser||(3500/2) /160 = 10.93 = 11 Riser|
|Number of treads||R-1 = 11 – 1 = 10|
|Width of Landing||No. of tread * depth of tread = 11 * 230 = 2530|
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