Most Important Core Knowledge for QA/QC Civil Engineers or Inspectors:
In this Article today we will talk about the Core Knowledge for QA/QC Inspectors | Saudi Aramco Interview Questions | QAQC Engineer Roles and Responsibilities | QA/QC Civil Engineering Knowledge | Interview Questions for QA/QC Engineer
Saudi Aramco Interview Questions and Answers:
DESCRIPTION OF INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS:
- ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials
- ACI: American Concrete Institute
- AASHTO: American Association of State Highways and Transportation Officials
- CRSI: Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute
- AISC: American Institute of Steel Construction
- ANSI: American National Standards Institute
- ASCE: American Society of Civil Engineers
- AWS: American Welding Society
- CMAA: Crane Manufacturers Associations of America
- ICBO: International Conference of Building Officials
- UBC: Uniform Building Code
- NFPA: National Fire Protection Association
- UL: Underwriters Laboratories Core Knowledge for QA/QC Inspectors
SAUDI ARAMCO STANDARDS Core Knowledge for QA/QC Inspectors
- SAES: Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards
- SAEP: Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedures
- SAMSS: Saudi Aramco Material System Specifications
- SABP: Saudi Aramco Best Practice
- SAPS: Saudi Aramco Product Specifications
- Gl: General Instructions
- SASO: Saudi Arabian Standards Organization
- SAIP: Saudi Aramco Inspection Procedure
- Schedule Q: Inspection Document Core Knowledge for QA/QC Inspectors
DEFINITION OF SOME IMPORTANT TERMS REGARDING QA/QC:
SATIP – Saudi Aramco Typical Inspection Plan:
A listing of the various required inspection and testing activities and their phases’ sequence for a specific work item
SAIC – Saudi Aramco Inspection Checklist:
A listing of visual inspection checkpoints based on Saudi Aramco standards
Checklist: Core Knowledge for QA/QC Inspectors
A list of items shall be noted or checked in a completed activity. It is always attached to the Inspection Request. To be signed by concerns parties once the inspection is approved.
Project Quality Plan (PQP):
The acceptable level of quality, which is typically defined by the customer, and describes how the project will ensure this level of quality in its deliverables and work processes. A project quality plan is to be considered as a book of the project or the Project Documents That a Quality Engineer Must Read Before Start Work. The Project Quality Plan describes the following quality management components:
- Quality objectives
- Key project deliverables and processes to be reviewed for satisfactory quality level
- Quality standards Saudi Aramco Interview Questions
- Quality control and assurance activities
- Quality roles and responsibilities
- Quality tools
- Plan for reporting quality control and assurance problems
The Schedule Q describes Company’s minimum requirements for Contractor’s Quality System and Contractor shall implement for his contract a quality Management System in accordance with the latest version of ISO 9001. Core Knowledge for QA/QC Inspectors
LEVEL OF INSPECTIONS (Inspection Classes):
- W1 = 100% Witness Inspection/Test
- W2 = Sample Witness Inspection/Test
- Hl = 100% Hold Point for QC Inspection or Test
- H2 = Sample Hold Point for QC Inspection or Test
- R1 = 100% Review of Documents
- R2 = Sample Review of Documents
- RH1 = 100% Review and Approval of Documents
- RH2 = Sample Review and Approval of Documents
- S = Surveillance
- E = Execution
- RE = Records
- T = Test Saudi Aramco Interview Questions
Witness (W) = attendance at the site is expected, the signature is required on check sheet of Inspection Request ( IR ) and Checklist, but if the signatory is not present to sign at the time, follow on work may proceed and the document(s) to be signed later.
Hold Point (H) = attendance at the site is mandatory and signature is required on the check sheet of Inspection Request at the time of the inspection to release the following work.
Review ( R ) = documents to be reviewed, no signature required on the Inspection Request or its accompanying documentation.
Surveillance ( S ) = random attendance at site, no signature required on the Inspection Request ( IR ) or its accompanying documentation.
Execution ( E ) = attendance at the site is a must, the signature is always on Inspection Request and Checklist.
Records (RE) = documentation to be recorded, no signature required on the Inspection Request or its accompanying documentation.
Test ( T ) = attendance is required, signature required on check sheet of Inspection request and checklist. Saudi Aramco Interview Questions
BENEFITS, TIPS & CHECKLISTS INITIATIVE:
- Minimize time required to prepare l&TPs
- Reduce or eliminate lengthy reviews
- Standardize SATIPs and SAICs for all projects
- Optimize the QC process
- Optimize utilization of resources
- Streamline & hasten data collection in e-logbook
10 PROJECT FORMS THAT A QA/QC ENGINEER MUST HAVE:
In a newly opened project, a QC Inspector or QA/QC Engineer must acquire forms to be used. This project forms can be taken from the Quality Manager as he must provide these for a project.
The Quality Manager shall make the Project Quality Plan (PQP) and these project forms shall be incorporated with PQP for approval by the Engineer or Consultant. For the beginners, you must know the uses and importance of these project forms that I will explain one by one. QAQC Engineer Roles and Responsibilities
Here are 10 Project Forms that a Quality Inspector or QA/QC Engineer Must Have:
1. Document Transmittal Sheet (DTS)
This form will use to submit documents, drawings etc. This shall be filled by a Document Controller, writing the specific titles for the submittal and attach necessary attachments and of course, it shall be the advice from Technical Manager. You can click here and save as the form in PDF QA/QC Civil Engineering Knowledge
2. Material Submittal Sheet (MSS)
This form will use to submit materials for site use. Make sure that required field or spaces to fill up are completely filled with correct descriptions such as Supplier, Material Description etc. You can see here and save as the form in PDF
3. Request for Information (RFI)
This form will use if there is something that is not clear in the drawing to better understand or clarify a certain area of the work, so the contractor will send an RFI to the Engineer or Consultant for clarification. See here the RFI form in PDF
4. Subcontractor’s Approval (SA)
This form will use to submit to the Engineer for approval of any subcontractor that take subcontracts work in a project. See here the SA form.
5. Confirmation of Verbal Instruction (CVI)
The contractor will use this form to confirm to the Engineer or Consultant for the verbal instruction he stated during the meeting or phone calls or site joint inspection. See here the CVI form Saudi Aramco Interview Questions
If the work proceeds without submitting CVI is performed at the contractor’s risk.
6. Inspection Request (IR)This form will use if there is part of activity that is ready for inspection. The inspection request shall be submitted 24 hours before inspection. IR shall not be accepted by the Engineer if the time of inspection is less than 24 hours, so take care about the time it might create delays on your project if it is accumulated.
7. Daily ReportThis form will use to list down all the activity on site on daily basis including the machinery, plant, manpower, weather report. Download Daily Report.
8. Weekly ReportThis form will use to list down the weekly progress on site including percentage complete of the activities. QAQC Engineer Roles and Responsibilities
9. Concrete Pouring Request (CPR)This form will use to request pouring concrete. It shall be sent to the Engineer or Consultant one day or 24 hours before the time of pouring.
10. Non-conformance Report (NCR)This form will use for nonconformity noticed by the Engineer and shall be issued to the contractor. Nonconformity will exist if the specification, drawing and other standards are not followed during the execution of the project. The NCR is sometimes used to hold the payments of the contractor’s billing, no payments shall be made unless NCR is rectified and approved by the Engineer. See here the NCR form QA/QC Civil Engineering Knowledge
Important Parts of NCR:Root Cause Analysis (Reason of the NCR): RCA is a Reason – Root Cause Analysis is a method that is used to address a problem or non-conformance, in order to get to the “root cause” of the problem. It is used so we can correct or eliminate the cause, and prevent the problem from recurring.
So, what can go wrong in a Construction Project?
- Something was not built as per the approved Design Drawings or it’s not within the tolerances specified in the design drawings
- The approved methodology (Method Statement) was not followed during the construction QAQC Engineer Roles and Responsibilities
- The approved Inspection and Test Plan (ITP) was not followed
- Any other approved documentation was not followed (Quality Procedures, instruction from the Client etc)
- A different material than the approved one was used on site
- A test on a material or anywhere else failed
- A Design failure QA/QC Civil Engineering Knowledge
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF A QC INSPECTOR / ENGINEER:
- Monitoring and administering the QA/QC Plan or Programme and ensuring incorporated materials on construction projects are in compliance with the plans and specifications.
- Assuring that the work is performed as required by the contract and meets or exceeds the required qualities.
- Assuring the acceptable quality of materials, processes, and workmanship in the project work.
- Assisting Quality Assurance and Quality Control Engineer such as steel reinforcement checking same as in construction drawing.
- Issue materials receiving report for the delivered materials.
- Following up the site construction test activities in a presence of the Engineer or Consultant or 3rd party.
- Follow and maintain Company standards of Quality in accordance with Company Quality System requirements. QAQC Engineer Roles and Responsibilities
WHAT IS RFI IN CONSTRUCTION ?
In construction, a request for information (RFI) seeks the clarification of plans, drawings, specifications, and agreements. The construction RFI is a formal written process in which parties, such as the contractor and designer, clarify information gaps in construction documents. QA/QC Civil Engineering Knowledge
Construction RFIs generally arise in one of three scenarios:
- When someone needs further information or clarification
- When someone proposes a substitution or an alteration
- When someone identifies a problem or deficiency
Types of Construction RFIs:
There are more than a dozen primary types of construction RFIs. These include the following: Interview Questions for QA/QC Engineer
- Design Coordination: These RFIs involve organizing, communicating, and coordinating the design and associated documents among project participants.
- Construction Coordination: This category of RFI covers requests to organize and coordinate construction-related procedures, schedules, and safety items.
- Constructability Issues: These RFIs arise when the construction document articulates a detail or design that the contractor deems infeasible.
- Timing and Phasing: RFIs of this type occur when the builder needs to change the sequence of construction activities due to resource or labor constraints.
- Design Change: These RFIs seek to revise the design in order to facilitate construction or fix a construction mistake.
- Design Clarification: With this kind of RFI, the requester seeks more information about the design in order to better understand its details and how they relate to the project.
- Change in Method or Process: This category of RFI arises when the contractor wants to change a specified building or installation technique.
- Deleted Scope: These RFIs seek to remove work from the project.
- Incomplete Plans or Specs: This type of RFI points out errors or omissions in the plans and specifications.
- Material Change: With this type of RFI, the requester seeks to use a different material than the construction documents specify.
- Site Conditions: These RFIs emerge when builders discover a discrepancy between the description of site conditions in the construction documents and the actual site conditions.
- Utility Conflict: Use this type of RFI when utility lines (such as water pipes or power wires) stand in the way of proceeding with construction as originally planned.
- Value Engineering: This category of RFI seeks to make changes for the purpose of reducing cost, improving efficiency, or enhancing quality.
- Other Issues: This category covers any other types of RFI that might come up, such as requests related to warranties, certifications and inspections, penalties, and non-design documents. Interview Questions for QA/QC Engineer
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